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TO EXPLORE COAL GASIFICATION: Where coal is manufactured into gas to produce electricity.

Report By RW Goodlet to Energy Symposium in Jarvis, June 19, 2007

Norfolk and Haldimand are in a unique position to be on the leading edge of this new technology. There is an infrastructure here that imports coal by ship, A refinery to develop coal-gas and a power plant and grid system to produce and transport electrical power. All of which is doable, profitable, would bring much more employment to the area than nuclear power, would keep tourism and the housing growth on the steady increase, protect our waters from innuendo and tragedy. This solution would be benign by comparison to the proposal proposed here today.

EXAMPLES:

CALGARY -- Alberta energy distributor Enmax Energy Corp. is taking steps to meet the province's vast future electricity needs, announcing Wednesday that it plans to build a huge coal gas-fired power plant in southern Alberta. The facility, the first phase of which could be online by 2010, pending regulatory approval, could eventually supply 1,200 megawatts of energy, or enough to supply two-thirds of Calgary's energy needs, the company said.

The Nuon Magnum project is a 1200 MW IGCC multi-fuel complex, based on a 3-train Shell biomass and coal gasification plant, 2-train Shell Sulfinol gas treatment plant, as well as natural gas capacity for the power island. About 50 % of the 1200 MW will be syngas based. Furthermore, the plant will be "CO2 capture ready.The Nuon Magnum Project will demonstrate to the world that mega gasification projects can be done in a mutually acceptable way.:

How much do they cost? Approximately 1 Billion Dollars.

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Along with sales of electric power, there is also the Revenue-sharing Gas Sales, and the sale of byproducts.

By-products for resale...

Ammonium sulfate - agricultural fertilizer

Anhydrous ammonia - agricultural fertilizer

Carbon dioxide - can be stored underground or pipelined to increase oil production (Carbon sequestration)

Dephenolized cresylic acid - pesticides and products such as wire enamel solvent, phenolic and epoxy resins and antioxidants

Krypton and xenon gases - specialty lighting

Naphtha

benzene

Liquid nitrogen

Hydrogen

Coal tar - US now has to import coal tar from china

Gasification ash - could be combusted in existing coal-fired units.

Gasification is a technology on the threshold of extraordinary growth. Dozens of projects are under design and construction in the United States and around the globe. Here is one likely scenario based on the 2004 Gasification Technologies Council survey and general industry consensus:

What is the future of gasification?

2005 to 2010. During this period the IGCC process will be used to produce electricity at refineries in the United States from petcoke and similar materials. New coal-based projects will greatly expand the production of chemicals in China. And, an entirely new application will be seen in Canada, where syngas from gasification will be used to increase petroleum production in the Alberta oil sand fields.

2010 to 2015. The first generation of large-scale (500 MWe or greater) coal-based IGCC powerplants will come online in the United States. These projects will further demonstrate to regulators and lenders that such projects are technically and financially sound. Gasification use for fertilizer and chemical production will grow dramatically (particularly in China).

2015 to 2025. The second generation of large-scale IGCC plants will be built. They will take advantage of "lessons learned" in prior IGCC installations and may be sited at locations where the carbon dioxide created in the plants can be captured and stored (sequestered) in underground geological formations. Such projects may also be designed with the flexibility to produce power, chemicals, fuels, and other products depending upon prevailing market conditions.

Ontario's Energy Needs

In order to replace Ontario's coal-fired generators and compeat with nuclear proposal, Ontario should build 3 coal gasifier power plants at Nanticoke, 2 plants at Lampton, and 2 in the Hamilton region. This will offer the flex and the power needed at less cost to the Ontario tax payer. All plants can sequester below Lake Erie and Lake Huron. Cost without risk 7 billion dollars.

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